BUS400 - Business Economics
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|Last revision date||Aug 12, 2013 10:11:35 AM|
|Last review date||Aug 12, 2013 10:11:35 AM|
This is an introductory course in Macroeconomics. This course will apply the theories and principles of the discipline to many of the major issues of our day. The basic purpose of the course is to give the student an understanding of the fundamental principles of economics, beginning with concepts, terminology and methodology. It then looks at markets, the interaction of supply and demand and the various institutions which function within a market economy. Next, the overall operation of the economic system is described. The major macroeconomic variables, including business cycles, economic growth, price stability, inflation, unemployment, gross domestic product, money and banking are discussed. Subjects dealing with national income, and various policy measures including monetary and fiscal policy are analyzed. Problems and controversies in macroeconomics conclude this course.
This course is a required credit for students in GBS, BAR, BAG, BAS and BAO programs.
Note: Students taking BUS 400 MAY NOT TAKE ECN 500 OR ECN 502 as general education subjects. They cover approximately the same material.
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:
1. Appreciate why it is important to study economics, describe the significance of economic concepts and the terminology used in the field.
2. Understand the central problem in economics including the concepts of scarcity, choice and opportunity costs.
3. Explain the laws of supply and demand, as they are illustrated in the market model, determine market equilibrium and analyze market interactions between producers and consumers including surplus and shortage and the price adjustment mechanism.
4. Understand the circular flow of income and resources in the economy and equilibrium in both a closed and open economic system. Extend the simple model to include foreign trade, government and financial institutions
5. Differentiate between the expenditure approach and income approach to measuring national income (GDP) and discuss the problems or shortcomings of these methods in determining the accuracy of economic output..
6. Discuss the twin problems of macroeconomics: unemployment and inflation and explain their relevancy in understanding the business cycle. This includes the ability to interpret stagflation.
7. Describe the main methods used to determine the extent of inflation, including the GDP deflator and the CPI, the causes of inflation, as well as the difference between core CPI and core inflation.
8. Understand the distinction between nominal and real GDP and the appropriateness of each in determining economic growth.
9. Discuss the importance of sustainable economic growth, understanding sustainable development and the consequences of resource depletion.
10. Determine of a short-run macroeconomic equilibrium in the aggregate demand/aggregate supply model (AD-AS) or in the Aggregate Expenditure model (AE).
11. Describe how a long-run equilibrium can exist, at, below, or above potential GDP. Explain the term output gap, including both recessionary and inflationary, and the implications of each on output and prices.
12. Describe and understand how government fiscal policy is formulated and applied for the purpose of achieving macroeconomic stability.
13. Understand the meaning of debt and deficit and how these terms apply in the Canadian context.
14. Describe the functions and characteristics of money, the Bank of Canada's definition of the money supply, near money, and the relationship between money, inflation, and unemployment.
15. Describe and understand the structure of the Canadian banking system, the role of chartered banks, near banks and the fundamentals of deposit creation. This includes an understanding of the money multiplier.
16. Explain the tools of monetary policy and how it is applied by the Bank of Canada to assist in moving the economy toward macroeconomic stability.
Cheating and Plagiarism
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Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.